George Smart - M1GEO

An online scrapbook full of half-baked projects and silly ideas.

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Internet Sharing Script

I wrote a script for Linux to allow the sharing of internet. This was used in my university flat, where I had internet supplied by wireless (wlan0) and needed to share it over wired ethernet (eth0). The script below does this:

The Script

This script should allow you to bridge internet connections as outlined above. You can download it from here.

#!/bin/bash
# Internet Sharing Script
# George Smart, M1GEO – Nov 2009
echo “IPv4 Port Forwarding Script”
echo “George Smart, M1GEO”

if [ $# -ne 3 ]; then
echo “Usage: $0
echo “eg: $0 wlan0 eth0 10.0.0.1″
echo ” bridges wireless to wired”
exit -1
else
INPUT=”$1″
OUTPUT=”$2″
NETADD=”$3″
echo “Source: $INPUT”
echo “Output: $OUTPUT”
echo “IP Add: $NETADD”

# DO IT!
sudo ifconfig eth0 $NETADD up
sudo iptables -A FORWARD -i $INPUT -o $OUTPUT -s $NETADD/24 -m conntrack –ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A FORWARD -m conntrack –ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A POSTROUTING -t nat -j MASQUERADE
sudo sh -c “echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward”
sudo sysctl net.ipv4.conf.default.forwarding=1 2>&1 > /dev/null
sudo sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.forwarding=1 2>&1 > /dev/null

echo “Done…”
fi

Usage

To use the script, you call it from the command line and give the three command-line arguments:

user@box ~$ ./internet-share.sh wlan0 eth0 10.0.0.1

  • Source Device, e.g. wlan0
  • Destination Device, e.g. eth0
  • Output IP Address, e.g. 10.0.0.1

The source device needs to be the device where the internet is accessible. In the above example, it is the wireless adapter wlan0. This then bridges wlan0 to the ethernet card at eth0, and opens eth0 with the IP-address entered, 10.0.0.1. Devices connecting via the ethernet port should be able to set the default gateway to 10.0.0.1. You will need to manually configure the client device, as this script does not setup DHCP. I suggest using a client IP of 10.0.0.2 and using the DNS server 8.8.8.8 (Google’s public DNS).

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